Crumpets are one of my favourite things to make and eat, so it’s strange to think that I wasn’t a big fan of them growing up. I found the store-bought variety too dense and quite often stale. Homemade crumpets — on the other hand — are a revelation, and the sourdough variety are a cut above. They taste incredible slathered with marmalade, peanut butter, or a drizzle of maple syrup and served with a side of black tea.

Not a waste product

Many sourdough crumpet recipes appear to have been invented as a way to use up discarded sourdough starter, as if crumpets are some sort of afterthought, a support act for the more popular line-up of sourdough loaves, pizza and focaccia. While I’m 100% behind minimising waste, I honestly believe that crumpets deserve their time in the spotlight. Because when they’re made well, they are up there with the best — as good as a plain croissant, or a slice of fresh bread slathered with butter.

That’s why I’d like to give you a recipe that’s specifically for these babies and not a way to repurpose a waste product. Well, that and everyone’s sourdough starter is different. For instance, I keep a relatively low-hydration starter, made up of a blend of rye and bread flours. If my crumpet batter was made up entirely of discarded starter, then a third of it would be rye. I’m a huge fan of rye in my loaves, but in crumpets I find it leads to a denser result.

A nice thing about this recipe is that there is little difference between a starter and a levain, or a ripe starter and a discarded one, so if you’d prefer to use your leftovers — or if your starter is already big enough to cover the quantities I’ve stated — then you can easily adapt it to your needs. Just make sure you aim for the right hydration level and you’ll be singing.

The right consistency

Speaking of hydration, the ratio in this recipe comes in at just under 140%; and paying attention to the batter’s consistency is of utmost importance. By all means, substitute bread flour with another variety, but pay attention to the amount of water your flour likes to soak up — you may need to be sparing with it. I highly recommend reserving some of the water first and only adding in the rest a quarter of a cup at a time if the batter looks dry. You’re after a consistency close to that of thickened cream; still a bit clumpy and thick, but just loose enough to pour off your spoon and conform to the shape of your egg rings. Check out my video for an example of what you’re after.

Even with a lot of care, it’s possible to go too far. If that happens, then a little bit of flour can be added to thicken the mixture up again.

Not your usual ferment

Do also keep in mind that the longer your batter has been sitting around, the weaker it will be; and that means you won’t get as much rise out of your crumpets. That’s another reason I prefer to mix up the batter ad hoc and not use old starter — you have better control over the fermentation.

The sweet-spot for this recipe is somewhere between well-proofed and stale, a mass of batter that has more than doubled in size, in what you’d probably consider over-proofed-land for a loaf of bread. The nice thing about slow ferments is that you have some wiggle room. You can opt to leave this on the bench overnight in the milder months or in the fridge in summer and it should be just-right by morning. The timings below are a general guide for how long to leave the batter fermenting, but be patient and watch for signs of fermentation rather than the clock.

TemperatureProofing Time
15°C59°F15 hrs
20°C68°F7 hrs
25°C77°F4 hrs
30°C86°F3 hrs
Approximate Rising Times

Once you’ve left the batter sitting for long enough, mix up the baking soda, sugar and water and add them in. What we really want is an overripe ferment that has had enough time to develop nicely and reach the point where it’s started to sour; that twinge of acid is necessary for the baking soda to foam and generate small bubbles. If you use a younger starter, you may need to substitute some of the baking soda for baking powder.

Give it a really good mix; I find that the manual work of whipping up the batter ensures the baking soda is well distributed and gets the aeration really going. It can take a beating, but don’t stress — dough strength is not a huge factor here as the crumpet rings will make sure the crumpets hold their shape, much like a loaf tin.

It’s getting hot in here

Now you’re all ready, so preheat your pan. When it comes to cooking these on the stove, use the heaviest-bottomed pan you have available; cast-iron is really the best option here — the frying time is quite long, so you need a slow and strong heat. You’ll likely want to aim for medium to high heat, but be careful — too high and you’ll burn the bottoms, too low and they’ll set before bubbles form. Getting the temperature right will take a bit of practice and I highly recommend you take notes (mental or otherwise) once you get things spot on.

Egg rings are also an essential part of making crumpets; otherwise, you’ll end up with pikelets, and sure, they’ll still taste amazing, but you’ll be missing out on half the fun. Be sure to grease your pan and the egg rings well. I’ve lost count of how many times I’ve cursed at a stray crumpet that gets stuck in its ring. My egg rings are 7cm in diameter, so an 80ml measuring cup makes light work of dispensing the batter.

All up, one round of crumpets should take about 10 minutes to cook on their first side. When their tops have started to dry and harden, flip them over onto the hot pan and leave them for half a minute or until their tops have browned nicely. This last step is another great thing about home-made crumpets, and guarantees they never look as insipid and rubbery as their store-bought counterparts.

Take them off the heat and wait 10 minutes or so for them to firm up; you’ll know that they’ve been successful if a finger pressed lightly into the middle gets some springy resistance. All that’s left to do is slather those griddle cakes with whatever takes your fancy. Honestly, though? Even 10 minutes is a long wait and I’ve been known to sneak in some plain ones at the stovetop. They really are that good; and if you haven’t tried them, then I urge you to put this recipe on your to-do list for next Sunday’s breakfast so you can give them a go too.

Sourdough Crumpets

Serves 6 Makes 12 crumpets Prep Time: 6 hours 15 minutes Cook Time: 30 minutes Total Time: 6 hours 45 minutes
  1. Build a levain 6 hours 5 minutes
    • 200 grams bread flour 100%
    • 275 grams warm water 137.5%
    • 50 grams 100% hydration ripe starter 25%
    1. 5 minutes
      Combine Thoroughly combine the flour, warm water and ripe starter in a clean bowl.
    2. 6 hours
      Proof Let the mixture ferment for around 6 hours.
  2. Mix the batter 10 minutes
    • 5 grams baking soda
    • 5 grams sugar
    • 10 grams water
    1. 2 minutes
      Make soda water Stir the baking soda, sugar and water in a measuring cup until well combined.
    2. 2 minutes
      Add soda water to levain Pour the soda water mixture into the levain you built earlier and combine to make a batter.
    3. 6 minutes
      Add extra water Add extra water as necessary to achieve a consistency that is clumpy, but pourable and loose enough to conform to the shape of your egg rings.
  3. Cook the crumpets 30 minutes
    • Cast-iron pan
    • Egg rings
    • 0.25 cups oil neutral flavoured
    1. 5 minutes
      Preheat pan Preheat a heavy-bottomed pan over a stovetop set to medium-high.
    2. 2 minutes
      Grease Grease the pan and rings with oil.
    3. 2 minutes
      Pour batter Pour about a third of a cup or 80ml of batter into each ring.
    4. 10 minutes
      Fry Fry the crumpets for about 10 minutes, or until the tops have dried and hardened.
    5. 1 minute
      Flip over Flip the crumpets over and fry them on their top side for about 30 seconds. They should be nicely browned.
    6. 10 minutes
      Rest Once you remove them from the pan, let them sit for 10 minutes before serving them.


  1. These look so awesome! I have been making and failing at crumpets for a very long time and am so excited I’ve discovered your recipe. They look extra hole-y which is just how we love them. I can’t wait to try make them and having video instructions is super helpful. Thank you

    1. Thanks Alyssa! I hope you enjoy them as much as we do. 🙂

  2. Is there supposed to be any salt?

    1. Hi Dave, I don’t use salt as baking soda already does a good job of enhancing caramelisation and flavour. If you like to eat your crumpets relatively plain then you might want to add a pinch of salt. Be careful of going overboard though as too much baking soda and salt in combination can be unpleasant.

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